|Germination Temperature||Planting Depth||Days to Germination||Plant Spacing||Row Spacing||Sun|
|70-75||1/8"||10-15||12-24"||24-36"||Partial to Full|
Sow outside 2-4 weeks before average last frost or as late as 2 months before first fall frost. Start inside 6-8 weeks before average last frost.
Black-Eyed Susan is a short-lived perennial that may come back for a second or third year, but is often treated as an annual. It does re-seed itself freely, however, which helps to fill in naturalized areas and wildflower meadows.
The seeds of Rudbeckia are called nutlets and develop on the center of the flower after the petals fall. Nutlets mature about 3-4 weeks after flowering and will be about 1/8” long and gray. To save seeds, cut the stems and shake the seed heads over a tray to release the seeds.