(Zea mays) Country Gentleman was introduced in 1890 by S. D. Woodruff & Sons and is considered one of the best heirloom sweet corns. This unusual white corn is a “shoepeg” type, named for its deep, irregularly spaced kernels packed in a zigzag pattern rather than rows. Rich, old-fashioned sweet corn flavor that is perfect for roasting, canning, or slow-cooking.
Tall, 7-8’ stalks are heavy producers and can yield three ears per stalk. Late season variety. Well suited for home gardens.
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Sow outdoors 6-10" apart in rows 24-36" apart, in fertile soil and full sun after all danger of last spring frost and soil has warmed thoroughly. Because corn is wind-pollinated, plant it in blocks of rows, rather than in a long, single row, which would result in poor pollen distribution on the silks and many kernel "skips" (ears only partly filled out with kernels).
Easy to grow from seed.
Traditionally planted with beans and winter squash, known as the 3 sisters.
When the seedlings are large enough to handle, thin them to 12" apart. Give plants 1-2" of water every week.
Corn requires rich soil with ample nitrogen and moisture. Even good garden soils may need some fertilizer to produce a top-quality crop. Aged manure and/or compost, mixed well into the soil, is helpful. Growing corn in an area that had healthy beans or peas the previous year is helpful because these legumes contribute more nitrogen to the soil.
Corn is ready about 3 weeks after the silks appear; harvest when the silks are brown, but not dried, and the husks are dark green; ears should be plump. For sweet corn, harvest when kernels are filled in and milk. Pull back the husk and pop a kernel with your thumb; a milky juice squirting out means corn is ready. If juice is watery, corn is still immature. For dent and popcorn, allow to dry on stalk and harvest just around 1st frost.