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The chili pepper or hot pepper (also chile pepper or chilli pepper) is the fruit of plants from the genus Capsicum, members of the nightshade family, Solanaceae. The term in British English and in Australia, New Zealand, India, Malaysia and other Asian countries is just chilli without "pepper". Chili peppers originated in the Americas. After the Columbian Exchange, many cultivars of chili pepper spread across the world, used in both food and medicine. Chilies were brought to Asia by Portuguese navigators during the 16th century.

The "heat" of chili peppers has historically been measured in Scoville heat units (SHU), which is a measure of the dilution of an amount of chili extract added to sugar syrup before its heat becomes detectable to a panel of tasters; the more it has to be diluted to be undetectable, the more powerful the variety and therefore the higher the rating.


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Anaheim Chili Pepper
(Capsicum annuum) The Anaheim is a mild variety of chili pepper with countless uses, especially..
Caribbean Red Habanero Pepper
(Capsicum chinense) These bright, glossy Red Habanero peppers really bring the heat! These can be tw..
Cayenne Long Red Thin Hot Pepper
(Capsicum annuum) These long, bright red, pencil-thin peppers pack the heat! Cayenne peppers..
Habanero Orange Pepper
(Capsicum chinense) Habaneros are among the hottest peppers available and are said to be 100 ti..
Hot Pepper Seed Collection (Small)
Spice up your salsas, soups, and sauces with the distinctive flavors of this heirloom Hot Pepper See..
Hungarian Wax Hot Pepper
(Capsicum chinense) This Hungarian heirloom is widely adapted and early to produce, even in cooler w..
India Jwala Hot Pepper
(Capsicum annuum) The Jwala pepper, also called Indian Finger Hot Pepper, is the most popular hot pe..
Jalapeno M Pepper
(Capsicum annuum) Jalapeno M is a highly prolific producer of dark green, thick-walled peppers...
Poblano/Ancho Hot Pepper
(Capsicum annuum) The Poblano is one of the most popular Mexican chilis with so many delicious ..
Serrano Tampiqueno Hot Pepper
(Capsicum annuum) Serranos have a very distinctive flavor that is essential for many Mexican re..
Hot, Peppers